From Development to Dictatorship: Bolivia and the Alliance for Progress in the Kennedy Era (The United States in the World)
AnÂ "Outstanding Academic Title" (Choice, January 2016) Winner of 2015 Thomas McGann Award (Rocky Mountain Council on Latin American Studies)"...a fascinating, original, and impeccably documented book with marked narrative suspense." - former Bolivian President Carlos Mesa, July 2016"Field's lucid and scholarly account...provides an impressive amount of detail on theÂ convoluted politics of the time." -- John Crabtree,Â Perspectives in Politics"Challenges triumphalist interpretations of the Cold War and points to the violent consequences of the Cold War in Latin America." -- Jeremy Kuzmarov,Â Journal of Cold War Studies"From Development to DictatorshipÂ is meticulous and engaging - a difficult balance to achieve." -- Robert Smale,Â LaborDuring the most idealistic years of John F. Kennedy's Alliance for Progress development program, Bolivia was the highest per capita recipient of U.S. foreign aid in Latin America. Nonetheless, Washington's modernization programs in early 1960s' Bolivia ended up on a collision course with important sectors of the country's civil society, including radical workers, rebellious students, and a plethora of rightwing and leftwing political parties. In From Development to Dictatorship, Thomas C. Field Jr. reconstructs the untold story of USAID's first years in Bolivia, including the country's 1964 military coup d'Ã©tat.Field draws heavily on local sources to demonstrate that Bolivia's turn toward anticommunist, development-oriented dictatorship was the logical and practical culmination of the military-led modernization paradigm that provided the liberal underpinnings of Kennedy's Alliance for Progress. In the process, he explores several underappreciated aspects of Cold War liberal internationalism: the tendency of "development" to encourage authoritarian solutions to political unrest, the connection between modernization theories and the rise of Third World armed forces, and the intimacy between USAID and CIA covert operations. Challenging the conventional dichotomy between ideology and strategy in international politics, From Development to Dictatorship engages with a growing literature on development as a key rubric for understanding the interconnected processes of decolonization and the Cold War.